Courses Offered | BB&T Center for the Study of Capitalism at Wake Forest University

Courses Offered

The Center seeks to encourage the study of capitalism across all disciplines at Wake Forest University in order to broaden awareness beyond its traditional conceptions and connotations. Although the classes below are not associated with the Center, click on the titles below to see courses that have been identified as relevant to the study of capitalism in each academic department.

First Year Seminar (FYS)

FYS 100. The Center provides support for the development of courses that foster critical examination of capitalism themes of interest. One such course development effort builds on the very successful Wake Forest First Year Seminar program for freshman. The following seminars, though not all funded through this effort, are representative of the scope of courses that focus on aspects of capitalism.

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American Ethnic Studies (AES)

AES 310. Race, Class, and Gender in a Color-blind Society. Examines issues surrounding race, class, and gender in the U.S. Topics include income and wealth, theories of discrimination, public edu cation, gender bias, and patterns of occupational and industrial segregation.

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African Studies (AFS)

AFS 150. Introduction to African Studies. Introduces the ways in which the perceptions and realities of the African continent have been shaped by the forces of history, economics, culture, and politics.

Anthropology (ANT)

ANT 114. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology.Investigates and interprets the historic cultural diversity of the world’s peoples through an understanding of economic, social, and political systems; law and order, ritual, symbol, and religion; language and culture; kinship and the family; and modernization and culture change.

ANT 301. Free Trade, Fair Trade: Independent Entrepreneurs in the Global Market. Field-based seminar compares the barriers to market participation experienced by independent entrepreneurs cross-culturally. Free trade policies are contrasted with fair trade practices to determine why so many independent producers have trouble succeeding in a globalizing world.

ANT 313. Tradition, Continuity, and Struggle: Mexico and Central America. Acquaints students with the lives and struggles of indigenous and non-indigenous people of Mexico and neighboring countries, with special focus on the Maya. Includes the study of contemporary and pre-hispanic traditions, including Mayan cosmology, language, art and architecture, issues of contact during Spanish colonization, and current political, economic, health, and social issues affecting these areas today.

ANT 329. Feminist Anthropology. Examines cultural constructions of gender from a cross-cultural perspective and the relationship between feminism and anthropology through time. Emphasizes how varied forms of feminisms are constituted within diverse social, cultural, and economic systems. Students consider how feminist anthropologists have negotiated positions at the intersection of cultural and human rights.

ANT 331. Masculinities Across Cultures. Examines the cultural construction of masculine gender and sexualities in the Pacific, Asia, the Middle East, Africa and the Americas as they are expressed through the formation of “normal” and “alternative” male identities and patterns of behavior. Examines masculinities as a reflection of differing patterns of male socialization and life experiences and as a process shaped by—and which in turn shapes—history, political and economic processes, ideologies, and religious and aesthetic institutions.

ANT 335. Visualizing South Asia. Critically evaluates how visuals as a mode of representation play a significant role in creating, perpetuating, and reproducing ‘South Asian’ cultures for western, native and diasporic audiences. Focuses on mainstream and alternative visuals (films, paintings, photos) to analyze how mainstream notions of nation, gender, sexuality, family values, social hierarchies and social change in South Asia get constructed at the intersection of the audience, visual imagery and political economic context.

ANT 337. Economic Anthropology. Examines the relationship between culture and the economy and its implications for applied anthropology. The variable nature and meaning of economic behavior is examined in societies ranging from non-industrial to post-industrial. Discusses the impact of economic development programs, foreign aid and investment, technology transfer, and a variety of other economic aid programs.

ANT 342. Development Wars: Applying Anthropology. Explores the application of anthropological concepts and methods in the understanding of contemporary problems stemming from cultural diversity, including competing social and economic development models and ideologies of terror. Emphasizes conflict and change in developing areas but also considers the urban experience.

ANT 350. Language, Indigeneity and Globalization. Taking a global case-study approach, this seminar explores the role language plays in contemporary identity formation and expression, from indigenous to transnational contexts. Addresses relationships among language and: colonialism, post-colonialism, nationalism, cultural revitalization, standardization, social and economic inequality, boundary-formation, and processes of cultural inclusion and exclusion.

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Art (ART)

ART 272. 17th-Century European Art: Politics, Power, and Patronage. Examines the artistic culture of 17th-century Europe in light of revolutions in religious practice as well as social, political, and economic change.

ART 281. 19th-Century European Art: From Enlightenment to Abstraction. Considers artistic production of Europe from the French Revolution to the discussion of abstraction in the early 20th century. Examines the notion of modernity as a cultural ideal and the development of avant-gardes in the interplay between art, society, politics, and economics.

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Biology (BIO)

BIO 101. Biology and the Human Condition. Basic principles in biology, emphasizing recent advances in biology in the context of their ethical, social, political, and economic considerations. Intended for students with little or no previous experience in biology. BIO 101 is recommended for those who are not pursuing a career in the health professions or planning to continue on in biology.

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Economics (ECN)

ECN 150. Introduction to Economics. Surveys micro and macroeconomic principles. Introduces basic concepts, characteristic data and trends, and some analytic techniques.

ENC 205. Intermediate Microeconomics I. Development of demand and supply analysis, neo-classical theory of household and firm behavior, and alternative market structures.

ECN 206. Intermediate Microeconomics II. More advanced theory of maximizing behavior of economic agents with discussion of risk, uncertainty, and economic dynamics. Theory employed in assessment of policy issues

ECN 207. Intermediate Macroeconomics. Development of macroeconomic concepts of national income, circular flow, income determination, IS-LM analysis, and Phillips curves. Emphasizes contributions of Keynes and the Keynesian tradition.

ECN 211. Macroeconomic Models. Development of formal Keynesian, post-Keynesian, monetarist, and new classical macro models. Static and dynamic properties of the models are explored.

ECN 209. Applied Econometrics. An introduction to regression analysis methods used to estimate and test relationships among economic variables. Selected applications from microeconomics and macroeconomics are studied. Emphasis is on examining economic data, identifying when particular methods are appropriate, and interpreting statistical results.

ECN 210. Optimization Techniques in Economics. Development of formal models of consumer behavior, choice under risk, the firm, and demand and supply. Static and dynamic properties of the models are explored.

ECN 211. Macroeconomic Dynamics. Development of formal Keynesian, post-Keynesian, monetarist, and new classical macro models. Static and dynamic properties of the models are explored.

ECN 215. Econometric Theory and Methods. Estimation and inference in relation to quantitative economic models. Methods covered include Ordinary Least Squares, Generalized Least Squares and Maximum Likelihood.

ECN 216. Game Theory. Introduction to mathematical models of social and strategic interactions.

ECN 218. Seminar in Mathematical Economics. Calculus and matrix methods used to develop basic tools of economic analysis.

ECN 221. Public Finance. Examines the economic behavior of government. Includes principles of taxation, spending, borrowing, and debt management.

ECN 222. Monetary Theory and Policy. Investigates the nature of money, the macroeconomic significance of money, financial markets, and monetary policy.

ECN 223. Financial Markets. Studies the functions, structure, and performance of financial markets.

ECN 224. Law and Economics. Economic analysis of property, contracts, torts, criminal behavior, due process, and law enforcement.

ECN 225. Public Choice. Traditional tools of economic analysis are employed to explore such topics in political science as political organization, elections, coalition formation, the optimal provision of public goods, and the scope of government.

ECN 226. Theory of Social Choice. Development of Constitutional Economics in establishing rules for governmental and group decision-making by democratic means. Implications for various voting rules are considered in terms of both positive and normative criteria.

ECN 231. Economics of Industry. Analysis of the link between market structure and market performance in U.S. industries from theoretical and empirical viewpoints. Examines the efficiency of mergers, cartels, and other firm behaviors. Case studies may include automobiles, steel, agriculture, computers, sports, and telecommunications.

ECN 232. Antitrust Economics. Analysis of the logic and effectiveness of public policies designed to promote competition in the U.S.

ECN 235. Labor Economics. Theoretical and empirical survey of labor markets. Topics include: the demand and supply of labor, compensating wage differentials, education and training, discrimination, unions, public sector employment, earnings inequality, and unemployment.

ECN 236. Economics of Higher Education. Applies economic theory and data analysis in an investigation of important current issues in higher education. Issues of prestige, admissions, financial aid, access, student and faculty quality, alumni giving and endowments, and externalities will be addressed.

ECN 240. Economics of Health and Medicine. Applications of the methods of economic analysis to the study of the health care industry.

ECN 241. Natural Resource Economics. Develops the economic theory of natural resource markets and explores public policy issues in natural resources and the environment.

ECN 251. International Trade. Development of the theory of international trade patterns and prices and the effects of trade restrictions such as tariffs and quotas.

ECN 252. International Finance. The study of the open macroeconomy, with a particular focus on the foreign exchange market and the history of the international monetary system.

ECN 254. Current Issues in African Development. Theoretical and practical study of the main economic, political and institutional dilemmas faced by African countries in the course of economic development. Taught in Benin, West Africa, in summer.

ECN 258. Economic Growth and Development. Study of the problems of economic growth, with particular attention to the less developed countries of the world.

ECN 259. The World Bank: Its Role and Impact in Development. Examines the roles played by the World Bank and other multilateral finance institutions in the global economy, with a special focus on developing countries. Includes a study trip to World Bank headquarters in Washington,

ECN 261. American Economic Development. Application of economic theory to historical problems and issues in the American economy.

ECN 262. History of Economic Thought. Historical survey of the main developments in economic thought from the Biblical period to the 20th century.

ECN 265. Economic Philosophers. In-depth study of the doctrines and influence of up to three major figures in economics, such as Smith, Marx, and Keynes.

ECN 266. Economics of Entrepreneurship. An examination of the economic constraints and opportunities facing entrepreneurs and their impacts on the economy. Blends economic theory with an empirical investigation of the lives and actions of entrepreneurs in the past and the present.

ECN 270. Current Economic Issues. Examines current economic issues using economic theory and empirical evidence. Topics may include recent macroeconomic trends, the distribution of income, minimum wages, immigration, Social Security, war, global climate change, trade, regulation and deregulation, antitrust policy, health care, labor unions, tax reform, educational reform, and others.

ECN 271. Selected Areas in Economics. Survey of an important area in economics not included in the regular course offerings. The economics of housing, education, or technology are examples. Students should consult the instructor to ascertain topic before enrolling.

ECN 272. Selected Areas in Economics. Surveys an important area in economics not included in the regular course offerings. The economics of housing, education or technology are examples. Students should consult the instructor to ascertain topic before enrolling.

ECN 274. Topics in Macroeconomics. Considers significant issues and debates in macroeconomic theory and policy. Examples might include a New Classical-New Keynesian debate, the East Asian currency crisis of 1997-1998, conversion of federal deficit to surplus, competing models of economic growth, alternative monetary, and fiscal policy targets.

ECN 290. Individual Study. Directed readings in a specialized area of economics.

ECN 297. Preparing for Economic Research. Designed to assist students in selecting a research topic and beginning the study of the selected topic.

ECN 298. Economic Research. Development and presentation of a senior research project.

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Education (EDU)

EDU 272. Geography Study Tour. Guided tour of selected areas to study physical, economic, and cultural environments and their influence on man. Background references for reading are suggested prior to the tour. Offered in the summer.

EDU 310. Race, Class, and Gender in a Color-blind Society. Examines issues surrounding race, class, and gender in the U.S. Topics include income and wealth, theories of discrimination, public education, gender bias, and patterns of occupational and industrial segregation.

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English (ENG)

ENG 358. Postcolonial Literature. A survey of representative examples of postcolonial literature from geographically diverse writers, emphasizing issues of politics, nationalism, gender and class.

ENG 359. Studies in Postcolonial Literature. Examination of themes and issues in postcolonial literature, such as: globalization, postcolonialism and hybridity, feminism, nationalism, ethnic and religious conflict, the impact of the Cold War, and race and class.

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Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprise (ESE)

ESE 100. Creativity and Innovation. Interactive seminar introduces students to readings and processes from various disciplines that elucidate the interdisciplinary nature of creativity and enable students to create conditions that stimulate it. Projects and assignments are designed to encourage a “critical creativity” that challenges participants through inquiry, multi-faceted exploration and strategic development. Topics examined through writing and design assignments, group projects, and discussions include consciousness, receptivity, risk, ethics, self agency, and social engagement with the express objective of fostering creative potential and its application in all areas of experience.

ESE 101. Foundations of Entrepreneurship. Addresses the challenges of creating and sustaining organizations in today’s global environment. Provides an overview of the role and importance of entrepreneurship in the global economy and in society. Examines how individuals use entrepreneurial skills to craft innovative responses to societal needs. Also listed as BUS 113.

ESE 203. Writing for a Social Purpose. Combines writing, service learning, and entrepreneurship approaches in communication by partnering students with a local nonprofit organization to provide a range of writing solutions in print and online.

ESE 204. Arts and Activism. Study of artists who bridge the world of arts and social justice activism by means of dance, music, film, visual arts, and theatre, as well as how they challenge the status quo, our perceptions, and societal values. No expertise in any of the arts is necessary.

ESE 205. Managing the Entrepreneurial Venture: Startups to Early Growth. Explores the process of managing and growing the entrepreneurial venture. The course is designed to provide exposure to topics critical to the success of the venture in startup and early growth: business planning; growth management and strategic planning; marketing and financial strategies; exit strategies; and different modes of venturing, such as franchising, venture acquisition, and technology licensing.

ESE 301-306. Topics in Entrepreneurship. Seminar and/or lecture courses in select topics related to entrepreneurship. May be repeated if course title differs.

ESE 310. Arts Entrepreneurship. Introduces entrepreneurial processes and practices in the visual arts, theater, dance, music, and creative writing. Seminar format includes encounters with arts entrepreneurs, investigation of case studies, and research in new and evolving models for creative application of entrepreneurial practices in the arts.

ESE 315. Nonprofit Arts and Education Entrepreneurship: Promotion of Latin-American and Latino Visual Cultures. Explores entrepreneurship in promoting Latin-American and U.S. Latino cultures through educational and artistic events and fundraisers on campuses and in the community. Students gain hands-on experience by assisting in the production of Wake Forest exhibitions, events promoting Latin-American and U.S. Latino heritage and culture, related community fundraisers, and nonprofit organizations.

ESE 320. Social Entrepreneurship. Interdisciplinary seminar that introduces the concepts of entrepreneurship with a focus on entrepreneurial activities that further the public good through the integration of core concepts of social and cultural values and ecological sustainability.

ESE 321. Social Entrepreneurship and the Humanities: Innovation, Public Engagement, and Social Change. Introduction to the role played by the humanities in social entrepreneurship, exploring the premise that norms can be developed for the application of the humanities, and that the knowledge derived in this process can empower and be a tool in community-based engagement and social change. Course includes a social entrepreneurial project in the local community.

ESE 322. Religion, Poverty, and Social Entrepreneurship. Interdisciplinary study of major themes in religion, poverty reduction, and social entrepreneurship. Focus and community emphasis may vary with instructor.

ESE 325. Free Trade, Fair Trade: Independent Entrepreneurs in the Global Market. Field-based seminar compares the barriers to market participation experienced by independent entrepreneurs cross-culturally. Free trade policies are contrasted with fair trade practices to determine why so many independent producers have trouble succeeding in a globalizing world.

ESE 330. Entrepreneurship for Scientists. Introduces the routes by which scientific discoveries and new technologies find their way to the marketplace. Covers ideation, determining market potential, business planning, intellectual property, entrepreneurship ethics, venture capital, and venture incubation.

ESE 335. Renewable Energy Entrepreneurship: Science, Policy and Economics. This team-taught course provides overviews of the most important renewable energy sources. Explores the science, policy and economic issues related to renewable energy and investigates the potential for new markets, new products, and new entrepreneurial opportunities in the marketplace.

ESE 340. Communication Technology and Entrepreneurship. Explores how an e-commerce business plan can be developed and the specific ways of marketing e-commerce ventures including the options provided by new tools such as social networking applications. May be cross-listed as COM 370 if and when the topic is the same.

ESE 350. Internships in Entrepreneurial Studies. Offers the opportunity to apply knowledge in an entrepreneurial for-profit or not-for-profit environment. Requirements include a course journal and a comprehensive report that showcase the student’s specific achievements and analyze the quality of his or her experience.

ESE 351. Green Technologies: Science and Entrepreneurship. Introduces the science and entrepreneurship opportunities of select green technologies. Students learn the fundamental science associated with energy use, renewable energy and selected green technologies. Students also learn the basics of starting a new business and develop a business plan to bring a “green product” to the market.

ESE 357. Bioinspiration and Biomimetics. Explores the ways in which biological mechanisms can inspire new technologies, products, and businesses. The course combines basic biological and entrepreneurial principles.

ESE 371. Economics of Entrepreneurship. An examination of the economic constraints and opportunities facing entrepreneurs and their impacts on the economy. The course will blend economic theories with an empirical investigation of the lives and actions of entrepreneurs in the past and the present.

ESE 380. America at Work. Examines the American entrepreneurial spirit within the broader context of industrial, social, and economic change from the colonial period to the present and explores the social and cultural meanings attached to work and workers, owners and innovators, businesses and technologies, management and leadership.

ESE 391. Independent Study in Entrepreneurship. An independent project involving entrepreneurship or social enterprise carried out under the supervision of a faculty member.

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German (GER) & Russian (RUS)

GER 321. German Culture and Civilization II. Survey of German culture and civilization from 1871 to the present, with emphasis on contemporary Germany. Conducted in German. Offered spring semester of even years.

RUS 210. The Russians and Their World. Introduces Russian culture and society, with topics ranging from history, religion, art, and literature to contemporary Russian popular music, TV, and film. Taught in Russian.

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Health Policy and Administration (HPA)

HPA 150. Introduction to Public Health. Survey of the basic structure of the health care system in the United States. Includes discussion of current issues of public policy toward health, organization of health care delivery, and health system reform. Serves as the introduction to the interdisciplinary minor in health policy and administration.

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History (HST)

HST 106. Medieval World Civilizations. Survey of world civilizations from 600 C.E. to 1600 C.E., including political, religious, cultural, and economic developments.

HST 108. The Americas and the World. Examines North, Central and South America in global perspectives from premodern times to the present with particular attention to political, economic, social, and cultural developments and interactions.

HST 109. Asia and the World. Overview of Asia (primarily East, Southeast, and South Asia) since 1500 with emphasis on economic, diplomatic, cultural, and religious interactions with the outside world.

HST 110. The Atlantic World since 1500. Examines the major developments that have linked the civilizations bordering the Atlantic Ocean from 1500 to the present. Themes include exploration; commerce; European colonization and indigenous responses; disease; religious conversion and revivalism; mestizo and creole culture; imperial warfare; enlightenment; revolution; slavery and abolition; extractive economies; nationalism; ‘scientific racism’; invented traditions; the black diaspora and negritude; decolonization; the Cold War; segregation and apartheid; dictatorship; neoliberalism; and globalization.

HST 209. Europe: From Renaissance to Revolution. Survey of European history from the 15th to the 18th century. Topics include the voyages of discovery, the military revolution, the formation of the modern state, religious reformation, witchcraft and the rise of modern science, and pre-industrial economic and social structures including women and the family.

HST 219. Germany to 1871. Social, economic, and political forces leading to the creation of a single German nation-state out of over 1,700 sovereign and semi-sovereign German states.

HST 226. History of London. Topographical, social, economic, and political history of London from the earliest times. Lectures, student papers and reports, museum visits and lectures, and on-site inspections. Offered in London.

HST 228. Georgian and Victorian Society and Culture. Social and economic transformation of England in the 18th and 19th centuries, with particular attention to the rise of professionalism and developments in the arts. Offered in London.

230. Russia: Origins to 1865. Survey of the political, social, and economic history of Russia, from its origins to the period of the Great Reforms under Alexander II.

HST 243. The Middle East since 1500. Survey of modern Middle Eastern history from the collapse of the last great Muslim unitary states to the present day. Topics include the rise and demise of the Ottoman and Safavid empires, socio-political reform, the impact of colonialism, Islamic reform, the development of nationalism, and contemporary social and economic challenges.

HST 245. Modern China since 1850. Study of modern China 1850 to the present, focusing on the major political, economic, and cultural transformations occurring in China during this period within the context of modernization, imperialism, and (semi) colonialism, world wars and civil wars, revolution and reform, and the ongoing processes of globalization.

HST 246. Japan before 1800. Survey of Japan from earliest times to the coming of Western imperialism, with emphasis on regional ecologies, economic institutions, cultural practice, military organization, political ideology, and foreign relations.

HST 247. Japan since 1800. Survey of Japan in the modern world. Topics include political and cultural revolution, state and empire-building, economic “miracles,” social transformations, military conflicts, and intellectual dilemmas.

HST 251, 252. The U.S. Political, social, economic, and intellectual aspects. (251) Before 1865;
(252) After 1865.

HST 254. American West to 1848. The first half of a two-semester survey course of the North American West, from roughly 1400 to 1850. Topics include indigenous trade and lifeways, contact, conflict, and cooperation between natives and newcomers, exploration and migration, imperial geopolitical rivalries, and various experiences with western landscapes.

HST 255. U.S. West from 1848 to the Present. The second half of a two-semester survey course of the U.S. West, from 1848 to the present. Topics include industrial expansion and urbanization, conflicts with Native Americans, national and ethnic identity formations, contests over natural resources, representations and myths of the West, and religious, cultural, and social diversity.

HST 256. The U.S. and the World, 1763-1914. The first half of a two-semester survey on U.S. foreign relations. Major topics explore the economic, political, cultural, and social currents linking the U.S. to Europe, Africa, South America, and Asia between 1763 and 1914. Particular attention is given to the influence of the world system—ranging from empire, war, and migration to industrial competition and economic interdependence—on U.S. diplomacy, commerce, and domestic politics
and culture.

HST 257. The U.S. and the World 1914-2003. The second half of a two-semester survey of U.S. foreign relations. Major topics explore the economic, political, cultural and social currents linking the U.S. to Europe, Africa, Latin America, the Middle East and Asia between 1914 and 2003. Particular attention is given to the influence of the international system— ranging from hot and cold wars, to decolonization, economic interdependence and transnational businesses and institutions—on U.S. diplomacy, commerce, and domestic politics and culture.

HST 258. The American Colonies to 1750. Explores the formative years of early continental America from its pre-contact peoples through the era of effective European settlements. Topics include the interaction among Native Americans, Europeans and Africans; borderlands; commerce; warfare; colonization; and slavery.

HST 259. Revolutionary and Nation Making in America, 1750-1815. Explores the social, economic, cultural and political transformation of the diversity of peoples who occupied the continent during its revolutionary and national formative years. Commercial integration, the Seven years War, the American Revolution, and the Early Republic are placed within their broader international context.

HST 275. Modern Latin America. Survey of Latin-American history since independence, with emphasis on the 20th century. Concentrates chiefly on economics, politics, and race.

HST 305. Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. Examines the variety of Christian, Muslim, and Jewish cultures that flourished on the Iberian peninsula between the years 700 and 1700. Themes include religious diversity and the imposition of orthodoxy, the formation of nation-states and empires, geographic exploration and discovery, and the economics of empire in the early modern period.

HST 307. The Italian Renaissance. Examination of the economic, political, intellectual, artistic, and social developments in the Italian world from 1350 to 1550.

HST 309. European International Relations since World War I. Surveys European International Relations in the 20th century beyond treaties and alliances to the economic, social, and demographic factors that shaped formal arrangements between states. Covers the impact of new forms of international cooperation, pooled sovereignty, and non-governmental organizations on European diplomacy and internal relations.

HST 313. The History of European Jewry from the Middle Ages to the Present. Examines the Jewish historical experience in Europe from the medieval period to the Holocaust and its aftermath. Includes a consideration of social, cultural, economic and political history, and places the particular experience of Jews within the context of changes occurring in Europe from the medieval to the modern period.

HST 314. European Economic and Social History, 1750-1990. Changes in Europe’s economic structures and how they affected Europeans’ lives. Emphasizes how economic forces interacted with social and institutional factors.

HST 326. The Industrial Revolution in England. Study of the social, economic, and political causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution in England. Offered in London.

HST 327. Profit and Power in Britain. Examines economic ideas and British society between 1688 and 1914. Topics include connections between consumption and identity; the relationship of morals to markets; the role of gender and the household; knowledge, technology, and the industrial revolution; and the place of free trade in the political imagination.

HST 332. The United States and the Global Cold War. Considers United States efforts to secure its perceived interests through “nation building” and economic development in Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, and much of Asia during the Cold War and after. Emphasizes the ideological and cultural dimensions of American intervention.

HST 338. Gender, Race and Class since 1800. Analyzes how American political, economic, and cultural changes impact the definitions of femininity and masculinity, the changing notions of sexuality, and the continuity and diversity of gender roles with special attention to race, class, and ethnicity.

HST 339. Sickness and Health in American Society. Analysis of major trends in health, sickness, and disease within the broad context of social, political, and economic developments. Examines indigenous healing; colonial medicine; emergence of hospitals and asylums; public health; race, class, and gender issues; and natural versus high-tech approaches to health care in the 20th century.

HST 344. Early Modernity in China. Was early modernity unique to European history, marked by the rise of capitalism, the birth of the Renaissance Man, the triumph of the New Science and the spread of the Enlightenment? Or, was it rather a global phenomenon experienced differently in different cultures? This course addresses these questions through an in-depth exploration into Chinese history from 1500 to 1800, focusing on developments in economic life, material culture, intellectual discourses, literature, and the arts.

HST 347. Japan since World War II. Survey of Japanese history since the outbreak of the Pacific War, with emphasis on social and cultural developments. Topics may include occupation and recovery of independence, the “1955 System,” high-growth economics, and the problems of prosperity in recent years.

HST 350. World Economic History: Globalization, Wealth and Poverty, 1500-Present. Explores the growth of globalization and its role in the creation of wealth and poverty in both developed and underdeveloped nations. Focus on trade, industrialization, and agricultural and techno logical advances in global contexts.

HST 353. War and Society In Early America. Examines the evolution of warfare among the indigenous and colonial societies of North America between 1500 and 1800 and considers the roles of economics, class, gender, race, religion, and ideology in cultures of violence.

HST 354. The Early American Republic. A history of the formative generation of the United States. Considers the dramatic transformations of the constitutional, economic, and racial orders, as well as new performances in politics, national identity, gender, and culture.

HST 357. The Civil War and Reconstruction. The political and military events of the war and the
economic, social, and political readjustments which followed.

HST 359. U.S. History from Gilded Age Prosperity to Depression. Political, social, and economic history of the U.S. from 1877 to 1933 with emphasis on industrialization, urbanization, immigration, growth of Big Business, imperialism, Populism, Progressive reform, war depression, and race, class, and gender relations.

HST 360. U.S. History since the New Deal. Political, social, and economic history of the U.S. since 1933 with emphasis on the Depression, wars at home and abroad, unionism, civil rights move ments, countercultures, environmentalism, religion, the Imperial Presidency, and liberalism and conservatism.

HST 361. Economic History of the U.S. The economic development of the U.S. from colonial beginnings to the present.

HST 362. American Constitutional History. Origins of the Constitution, the controversies involving the nature of the Union, and constitutional readjustments to meet the new American industrialism.

HST 380. America at Work. Examines the people who built America from 1750 to 1945. Themes include free labor versus slave labor, the impact of industrialization, the racial and gendered realities of work, and the growth of organized labor and its political repercussions.

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International Studies (INS)

INS 140. United Nations/Model United Nations. Explores the history, structure, and functions of the United Nations including current economic, social, and political issues. In-depth analysis of one country in the UN and attendance at the Model UN Conference.

INS 363. Global Capitalism. Analysis of changing patterns of industrial organization, market, and labor relations, and institutional frameworks that have resulted from the growth of an integrated global capitalist economy.

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Mathematics (MTH)

MTH 254. Optimization Theory. Unconstrained and constrained optimization problems; Lagrange multiplier methods; sufficient conditions involving bordered Hessians; inequality constraints; Kuhn-Tucker conditions; applications primarily to problems in economics.

MTH 255. Dynamical Systems. Introduction to optimal control, including the Pontryagin maximum principle, and systems of nonlinear differential equations, particularly phase space methods. Applications to problems in economics, including optimal management of renewable resources.

354. Discrete Dynamical Systems. Introduction to the theory of discrete dynamical systems as applied to disciplines such as biology and economics. Includes methods for finding explicit solutions, equilibrium and stability analysis, phase plane analysis, analysis of Markov chains, and bifurcation theory.

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Philosophy (PHI)

PHI 160. Introduction to Moral and Political Philosophy. Examines basic concepts and problems in moral and political thought, including questions of right and wrong, virtue, equality, justice, individual rights, and the common good.

PHI 161. Medical Ethics. Study of moral problems in the practice of medicine, including informed consent, experimentation on human subjects, truthtelling, confidentiality, abortion, and the allocation of scarce medical resources.

PHI 163. Environmental Ethics. Examines ethical issues concerning the environment as they arise in individual lives and public policy.

PHI 164. Contemporary Moral Problems. Study of pressing ethical issues in contemporary life, such as abortion, euthanasia, animal rights, affirmative action, marriage, cloning, pornography, and capital punishment.

PHI 165. Introduction to Philosophy of Law. Examines prominent legal cases and their underlying principles, with an emphasis on philosophical analysis and moral evaluation. Topics include the requirements for criminal liability, the proper subjects for criminalization, punishment, and freedom of speech and of religion.

PHI 241. Modern Philosophy. Study of the works of influential 17th- and 18th-century European philosophers such as Descartes, Locke, Leibniz, Berkeley, and Hume, with a concentration on theories of knowledge and metaphysics.

PHI 352. Hegel, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche. Is there a way to think about the natural world that also makes sense of human life and history? Is anything gained, or lost, by thinking holistically about the world as a whole? Is a life dedicated to thinking about the world (and living accordingly) a way of avoiding an authentic human life? What does it mean to live authentically? Does nihilism provide the answer or is it a form of avoidance?

PHI 356. 20th-Century European Philosophy: Heidegger, Gadamer, Adorno, Habermas. Issues covered include: the difference between authentic and inauthentic life, the ethics of ‘dwelling’, the nature of interpretation, the critique of the effects of capitalism on modern society and culture, and the defense of reason as a basis of social life against ‘postmodernism’

PHI 360. Ethics. Systematic examination of central ethical theories in the Western philosophical tradition. Such theories include Kantian deontology, utilitarianism, Aristotelian virtue ethics, and divine command theory.

PHI 362. Social and Political Philosophy. A systematic examination of the work of selected contemporary and traditional philosophers on topics such as the state, the family, distributive justice, property, liberty, and the common good.

PHI 363. Philosophy of Law. Inquiry into the nature of law and its relation to morality. Classroom discussions of readings from the works of classical and modern authors focus on issues of contemporary concern involving questions of legal principle, personal liberty, human rights, responsibility, justice, and punishment.

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Political Science (POL)

POL 115. Political Theory. Introduces the central concepts (democracy, liberty, equality, and power) and ideologies (liberalism, conservatism, and socialism) as they have been formulated within some of the main schools of political thought.

POL 212. U.S. Policymaking in the 21st Century. Examines the contemporary U.S. policy-making process. Special attention to ways issues become important and contributions of different political actors, institutions, and ideologies in the passage or rejection of policy proposals. Considers a range of social, economic, and regulatory policies.

POL 216. U.S. Social Welfare Policy. Analysis of U.S. social policy making and policy outcomes on issues such as welfare, education, health care, and Social Security, with emphasis on historical development and cross-national comparison.

POL 222. Urban Politics. Political structures and processes in American cities and suburbs as they relate to the social, economic, and political problems of the metropolis. Service-learning course.

POL 228. The Politics of Public Education. Introduces students to some of the most popular and contentious contemporary education policy debates and discusses what the U.S. school system tells us about the country’s fundamental political commitments.

POL 232. Politics in Russia and Eastern Europe. Analysis of the political, economic, and social patterns of the region, emphasizing the internal dynamics of the political and economic transition processes currently underway.

POL 233. The Politics of Modern Germany. Study of the historical legacy, political behavior, and governmental institutions of contemporary Germany (newly unified Germany).

POL 235. European Integration. Combines different approaches to the study of Europe by examining European integration—as highlighted by the development of the European Union—through the lenses of history, politics, culture, and economics.

POL 237. The Comparative Politics of Welfare States. Examines the various ways in which the U.S. and other advanced industrial societies respond to a number of shared “welfare issues,” and craft public policy in areas such as pensions, health care, anti-poverty programs, family stability, and immigration.

POL 238. Comparative Economic Development and Political Change. Overview of the relationship between economic development, socio-structural change, and politics since the creation of the international capitalist system in the 16th century. Organized around case studies of industrialized democracies, evolving Communist systems and command economies, and “Third World” countries.

POL 239. State, Economy, and International Competitiveness. Introduces a range of important case studies of national economic performance and does so in such a manner as to illustrate the role of public policy in economic performance in a number of leading industrial economies (the U.S., United Kingdom, Germany, Sweden, and Japan).

241. Contemporary India. Examines the opportunities and constraints facing modern India across a range of issues including politics, international relations, economics, religion, caste, and the environment.

POL 248. Chinese Politics. Surveys the political institutions and processes in China (People’s Republic of China and Republic of China). Emphasizes group conflict, elites, ideology, as well as current policy changes in the process of modernization.

POL 253. International Political Economy. Analyzes major issues in the global political economy including theoretical approaches to understanding the tension between politics and economics, monetary and trade policy, North-South relations, environmentalism, human rights, and democratization.

POL 257. Interamerican Relations. Examines the history and contemporary challenges of relations among the nations of the Americas, including intervention and sovereignty, migration, drugs, economic relations, and contemporary foreign policy.

POL 262. International Organizations. Surveys the philosophy, principles, organizational structure, and decision-making procedures of international organizations. In addition to the United Nations system, this course analyzes various international organizations in issues such as collective security, trade, economic development, human rights protection, and the environment.

POL 264. Moral Dilemmas in International Politics. Examines moral dilemmas in international politics with reference to theories and cases. Topics include just war doctrine, responsibility of rich countries toward poor countries, exportability of capitalism and democracy, and legitimacy of humanitarian intervention.

POL 266. Civil Wars: Causes and Consequences. Examines and assesses competing theories of civil war, including economic, ethnic, religious, and ideological explanations. Addresses dilemmas raised by civil war such as the spread of HIV/AIDS, the proliferation of private security companies, and the abuse of humanitarian aid.

POL 270. Ethics and Politics. Investigates the relationship between ethical reasoning and political theory. Representative philosophers include Hume, Kant, Nietzsche, Mill, Sidgwick, Green, Ayer, Hare, and McIntyre.

POL 271. Classical Political Thought. Examines the nature and goals of classical political theorizing, with attention to its origins in ancient Athens and its diffusion through Rome. Representative writers include Plato, Aristotle, and Cicero.

POL 272. Democratic Theory. Examines the theoretical underpinnings of democracy and some of the critiques of those foundations. Focuses on understanding some of the major theories of democracy and on how key democratic concepts are defined differently within these various traditions.

POL 273. Marx, Marxism and the Aftermath of Marxism. Examines Marx’s indebtedness to Hegel, his early humanistic writings, and the vicissitudes of 20th-century vulgar Marxism and neo- Marxism in the works of Lenin, Lukacs, Korsch, Horkeimer, Marcuse, and Sartre.

POL 275. American Political Thought. Examines the republican, civic humanistic tradition vs. the liberal, juridical tradition in American political thought from the founding to the present. Read ings from Locke, Sidney, the Federalists and anti-Federalists, Spencer, Dewey, Rawls, and Sandel.

POL 276. Modern Political Thought. Political thought from Machiavelli to the present, including such topics as moral and natural rights, positive and negative freedom, social contract theory, alien ation and citizenship. Selected writings from Machiavelli, Locke, Rousseau, Mill, Marx, and Rawls.

POL 279. Varieties of Philosophical Liberalism. Study of 20th-century philosophical liberalism such as libertarianism, utilitarianism, liberal utilitarianism, Kantian liberalism and communitarian ism with special focus on rival conceptions of freedom and on utilitarianism and its critics.

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Religion (REL)

REL 107. Introduction to African Religions. Study of the basic features of African religious systems and institutions, with focus on the cultural, economic and political factors that have informed global preservations of an African worldview.

REL 285. Seminar in Early Christian Studies. Seminar explores, from various points of view, the culture of the Mediterranean world from which Christianity was born and grew: literature and art, history and economics, religions, and philosophies. May be repeated for credit if topic varies

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Romance Languages

SPN 196B. Spanish Across the Business/Economics Curriculum. Coursework in Spanish done as an adjunct to specifically-designated courses in business and economics curriculum. May be repeated for credit.

SPN 332. The Golden Age of Spain. Close analysis of literary texts, such as Lazarillo de Tormes, and study of the history, art, politics, and economics of the 16th and 17th centuries, with emphasis on themes such as the writer and society, humanism, the picaresque, Catholic mysticism, and power and politics.

SPN 387. Spanish for Business. Introduces economic and business concepts, Hispanic business culture, and economic analysis of Spanish-speaking countries. Develops oral and written competency in business contexts through presentations, business writing, exams, and case study analysis.

SPN 388. Advanced Spanish for Business. Continued study of economic and business concepts, Hispanic business culture, and economic analysis of Spanish-speaking countries. Develops oral and written competency in business contexts through presentations, exams, case study analysis, and an extended research project.

SPN 389. Internship in Spanish for Business and the Professions. Under faculty supervision, a student completes an internship in a bilingual business or professional setting.

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Sociology (SOC)

SOC 155. Public Culture in America. Employs critical sociological theories to enable students to understand the social forces responsible for shaping our cultural/leisure life and the effects of our lifestyle on political democracy, social community, and health.

SOC 270. Sociological Theory. Introduction to the classic works of social theory—”classic” not only as time-honored explanations of past events, but also because they provide the intellectual foun dations for contemporary and historical research. Theorists covered include Smith, Wollstonecraft, de Tocqueville, Marx, Durkheim, Weber, Freud, Simmel, DuBois, and Goffman.

SOC 303. Business and Society. Historical development, organization, and current problems of business enterprises in American society.

SOC 333. The Sociology of Cities. Examines the patterns of urbanization worldwide. Explores the dynamics of urban growth resulting from economic, social, political and ecological processes.

SOC 336. Sociology of Health Care. Analyzes health care systems, including the social organiza tion of medical practice, health care payment, the education of medical practitioners, and the division of the labor in health care.

SOC 360. Social Inequality. Study of structured social inequality with particular emphasis on economic class, social status, and political power.

SOC 361. Sociology of African-American Families. Examines the social and economic conditions of family life, the social history of the African-American family, patterns of marriage and child-bearing, contemporary urban families, and intersections with schooling, work, U.S. justice system, sports, and prevailing social, economic, and political conditions.

SOC 362. Work, Conflict, and Change. Changing trends in the U.S. labor force. The individual’s view of work and the effect of large organizations on white- and blue-collar workers. Use of some cross-cultural data.

SOC 363. Global Capitalism. Analyzes industrial organization, including discussion of market rela tions and the behavior of firms, the structure of industrial development, and labor relations and the growth of trade unions.

SOC 364. Political Sociology. Examines the structure and organization of power in society with emphasis on political socialization, political ideology, and the growth of the welfare state.

SOC 365. Technology, Culture, and Change. Examines the interrelated forces that shape change in organizations and societies; from the emergence of capitalist markets to the systems, controls, and information revolution of the 21st century.

SOC 366. The Sociological Analysis of Film. Examines the intersection of economic, organizational, and cultural sociology using films and the film industry as focal examples.

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Theater (THE)

THE 259. Theatre Management: Principles and Practices. Reviews the development of theatre management in the U.S. with emphasis on the role of the producer. Explores commercial and not-for-profit theatre with attention to planning, personnel, and the economics of theatre. Includes readings, lectures, and reports

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Business and Enterprise Management (BEM)

BEM 261. Legal Environment of Business. Study of the legal environment in which business decisions are made in profit and nonprofit organizations. Emphasis is on how the law develops and how economic, political, social, international, and ethical considerations influence this development. Includes an overview of private law topics (such as torts, contracts, and agency) and public regulation of the employment relationship, the competitive marketplace, and the environment.

BEM 315. Seminar in Comparative Management. Focuses on the global issues in management. Emphasis is on different management philosophies and styles practiced in an international context. Conducted in a seminar format, the course examines the complexities involved in operating in different cultures and the implications which these cultural differences have on managing organizations and employee behavior.

BEM 322. Global Marketing Strategy. Builds on BEM 221 to explore strategic issues in the global marketplace in greater depth through intensive examination of cases from consumer and industrial markets; product and service businesses; and for-profit and nonprofit organizations. Analyzes social, cultural, economic, legal, and political factors present in the global market-place and their impact on planning and implementing marketing strategy. Focuses on building analytical and decision-making skills. Objective is to ensure students understand the key role of marketing strategy in achieving and maintaining competitive advantage in an ever-changing, increasingly complex global business environment.

BEM 365. Ethics and Business Leadership. An interdisciplinary exploration of ethics applied to business. Lectures, readings, and a case-based approach introduce the necessary background information. Examples of ethical and unethical situations are used to develop an understanding of how an efficient and effective business can also be ethical. (One-half of enrollment spaces are available for non-Calloway School students)

BEM 375. Capitalism—Foundations and Contemporary Issues. Explores the mechanics of the capitalist system, its moral and intellectual underpinnings, the principal arguments for and challenges to capitalism and free markets, and the obligations of free institutions in society. This will be accomplished through an examination of the work of leading thinkers about capitalism, economics, free markets, and the moral structure of free society—including a reading of Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged. These ideas will be applied to current business issues such as government regulation of industry versus laissez-faire, corporate social responsibility and the stockholders versus stakeholders debate, the ability of free markets to solve issues of health care or the environment, the viability of social enterprise, and the role of capitalism in development and progress in less-developed nations.

BEM 377. Entrepreneurship. Exposes students to multiple facets of entrepreneurship and teaches about creating new ventures in a hands-on fashion. A broad range of ideas, readings, and cases en able students to understand the ambiguous and highly-charged environment of entrepreneurship, the contribution of entrepreneurial endeavors to business and society, and the characteristics of successful new venture startups. Focuses on three areas that define successful entrepreneurial pursuit of new for-profit, nonprofit, and social enterprise initiatives: recognizing opportunity, management, and assembling resources. The completion of a team-based business plan for a new venture is usually required. Guest speakers present their views of entrepreneurial organizations based on real-world experiences—startup, financing, legal, transition, failure, etc.

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Finance (FIN)

FIN 234. International Finance. Examines the impact of international financial economics on markets and the management of both domestic and multinational firms. Emphasis is on institutional and environmental factors influencing trade, foreign exchange, and capital acquisition and allocation.

FIN 237. Financial Markets and Institutions. Provides students with an understanding of the structure and functioning of U.S. and international financial markets. Topics covered in the class: banking theory, the roles of traditional and non-traditional financial intermediaries, the impact of securitization, international financial competition, financial system stability, and financial regulation. Although primarily targeted toward finance majors, the course is suitable for business and economics majors wishing to understand our financial system.

FIN 336. Fixed Income and Financial Engineering. Provides an introduction to interest rate risk management, the nature of fixed income markets, the structure and underlying economic rationale for various structured products including collateralized debt obligations, and the role of financial engineering in fixed income markets and risk management.

FIN 338. Real Estate Finance. Focuses on concepts and techniques used to value and finance income-producing property investments. Provides a critical perspective for making financial decisions about real estate. The nature of real estate risk at both the level of the individual project and the investment portfolio is considered. Case discussions encourage students to evaluate how economic characteristics of the property and the local market, motives of different actors, and institutional arrangements interact to shape decision-making in real estate.

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